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Volcanic effects on Global Warming. PDF Print E-mail
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 The volcanic eruption in Iceland, since its first spewing of volcanic ash has, in just FOUR DAYS, NEGATED EVERY SINGLE EFFORT you have made in the past five years to control CO2 emissions on our planet – all of you.

  Of course you know about this evil carbon dioxide that we are trying to suppress – it’s that vital chemical compound that every plant requires to live and grow, and to synthesize into oxygen for us humans, and all animal life.

I know, it's very disheartening to realize that all of the carbon emission savings you have accomplished while suffering the inconvenience and expense of: driving Prius hybrids, buying fabric grocery bags, sitting up till midnight to finish your kid's "The Green Revolution" science project, throwing out all of your non-green cleaning supplies, using only two squares of toilet paper, putting a brick in your toilet tank reservoir, selling your SUV and speedboat, vacationing at home instead of abroad, nearly getting hit every day on your bicycle, replacing all of your 50 cents light bulbs with $10.00 light bulbs...well, all of those things you have done have all gone down the tubes in just four days.

The volcanic ash emitted into the Earth's atmosphere in just four days - yes - FOUR DAYS ONLY by that volcano in Iceland, has totally erased every single effort you have made to reduce the evil beast, carbon. And there are around 200 active volcanoes on the planet spewing out this crud any one time - EVERY DAY.

I don't really want to rain on your parade too much, but I should mention that when the volcano Mt Pinatubo erupted in the Philippines in 1991, it spewed out more greenhouse gases into the atmosphere than the entire human race had emitted in its entire YEARS on earth. Yes folks, Mt Pinatubo was active for over one year – think about it.

Of course I shouldn't spoil this touchy-feely tree-hugging moment and mention the effect of solar and cosmic activity and the well-recognized 800-year global heating and cooling cycle, which keep happening, despite our completely insignificant efforts to affect climate change.

And I do wish I had a silver lining to this volcanic ash cloud but the fact of the matter is that the bush fire season across the western USA and Australia this year alone will negate your efforts to reduce carbon in our world for the next two to three years. And it happens every year.

Just remember that your government just tried to impose a whopping carbon tax on you on the basis of the bogus “human-caused” climate change scenario.

Hey, isn’t it interesting how they don’t mention “Global Warming” any more, but just “Climate Change” - you know why? It’s because the planet has COOLED by 0.7 degrees in the past century and these global warming bull artists got caught with their pants down.

And just keep in mind that you might yet have an Emissions Trading Scheme – that whopping new tax – imposed on you, that will achieve absolutely nothing except make you poorer. It won’t stop any volcanoes from erupting, that’s for sure.

Professor Ian Plimer

Now with the latest eruption in Chile all the previous estimates have gone out of the window.

 
Siberian Hydro to feed power hungry China PDF Print E-mail
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One of Russia's richest men, Oleg Deripaska, is investing billions of dollars in new hydro-power dams in remotest Siberia, to export the electricity to China and cash in on its booming economy.

To get to the Boguchanskaya dam in eastern Siberia, you have to fly for 90 minutes in a small twin-propeller aircraft from the nearest city. Winding through the dense taiga forest below are the waters of the vast and majestic Angara, the only river flowing out of Lake Baikal and the main tributary of the Yenisei, which flows all the way to the Arctic Ocean.

The Angara has already been dammed three times, at Irkutsk, Bratsk and Ust-Ilimsk. Now a fourth hydro-electric dam is almost finished at Boguchanskaya, near Kodinsk, and is due to start generating power in April 2012.

Eastern Siberia already generates more power than it needs. So why the plans for even more hydro-electric stations?The answer lies in the huge market for electricity in China, several hundred kilometres away. China has asked Russia to supply it with 60 billion kWh/year by 2020 - enough to power all of Greece or Hong Kong.

 "It's a unique opportunity that Russia could benefit also from Asian growth," says Oleg Deripaska, the chairman of En+ and chief executive of the aluminium giant Rusal, and a part-owner of Boguchanskaya dam"I believe that in terms of the GDP of Siberian provinces, it could be tripled in the next 15 years.

"I can't see how we can miss this opportunity. We have everything in place - people, competence, technology and a market next door."The Boguchanskaya dam has nine vast turbines. When they are all operating, the dam will be able to generate over 17 billion kWh/year. Much of this will be used to power a new Rusal aluminium plant downstream, but any excess will go onto the Russian grid and made available for export to China.

It is a case of turning water into cash.The enormous dam, like other great dams in the world, is an awe-inspiring sight. It is 3km across, and the concrete section is 80m high. The new reservoir will be 70m deep.Just above the new dam, the Angara still looks as it has for thousands of years. It is a wide, fast-flowing river, hundreds of metres across.

 The small settlements that have grown up on its banks over the past 300 years are picture-postcard villages made up of traditional wooden houses. Now they are all being burned, so that after the area is flooded, the debris does not clog up the new dam.

Alexander Bryukhanov once lived in Kezhma, a town of some 10,000 people. Its people survived on fish and agriculture, largely cut-off from the outside world. Over a number of years, the town's population has been moved into Soviet-style flats in grimy, modern cities, like Kodinsk.

"The most tragic thing is the elderly people," Mr Bryukhanov says. "They started dying within a year of being moved. Because they had lost their village houses, their gardens, and their neighbours, and in return had been given flats with nothing but a TV for company".Prospikhino, once home to 5,000. with only a handful of houses are still standing, the rest are just charred timbers and foundations.

A few half-wild horses splash through a small river flowing into the Angara.

Prospikhino is not quite empty though. Konstantin Poddubny arrives on his old Ural motorbike and sidecar. He is refusing to leave because, he says, the compensation scheme is cheating people out of their land."The authorities will burn all the houses that are left here.

Then we will have problems getting a flat in the town. Many people have been through that. "The authorities promise them a flat, they leave the place, their house get burnt and then the authorities say there is no house, so there will be no flat. At the same time, people who have no relation to our villages are getting flats."He says nobody in Siberia needs a new hydro-power plant. "There are other plants on this river which only work to half of their capacity.

This is all about export to China."Environmental groups say the impact of other dams on the Angara has not been good. Parts of the river have turned to swamp, and buried trees have rotted, changing the chemistry of the water.

"They say they are building new dams on Siberian rivers in order to save the planet from Chinese greenhouse gases," says Alexander Kolotov, of Rivers International. "So of course the question is whether you are ready to destroy the Siberian environment, kill great Siberian rivers, and flood vast forests, in order to save the world from Chinese emissions.

"Many more dams are planned for the wilderness of Eastern Siberia to feed the demands of electricity-hungry China. Oleg Deripaska says they will help turn Siberia into the next Canada - rich in resources, and an economic success story.

 
Five good alternative energy sources PDF Print E-mail
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(1.) Nuclear > Cold Fusion >
Andrea A. Rossi Cold Fusion Generator - Italian inventor, Andrea Rossi's energy amplifier produces useful power from the fusion of cheap and ubiquitous hydrogen and nickel into copper at relatively low temperatures and pressures, with no residual radiation. They claim to be going into production with a 10 kW industrial product that is reliable, safe, and cheap. Verification is being done by the historic University of Bologna.


- The technology offers the ability to produce large quantities of energy via the fusion of nickel powder and hydrogen gas. One hundred grams of nickel and a similar amount of hydrogen can fuel a 15kW system for six months.

- Energy generation is estimated to cost around 1 cent / kW-h.

- Multiple tests by third parties including the Swedish Skeptics Society, scientists from the University of Bologna, and others have successfully validated the technology.

- The one year research program with the University of Bologna continues, and Andrea Rossi is about to start a similar program with the University of Uppsala in Sweden.

- Defkalion Green Technologies Incorporated has been given a license to manufacture and sell E-Cat units in the Greek and Baltic markets. This October, they will be opening up a one megawatt plant composed of approximately 300 modules each rated at 2.5 kilowatts. Defkalion will use the output to power a manufacturing facility that can produce 300,000 units a year.

- Defkalion has obtained all government approvals and safety certifications required to manufacture and sell the E-Cat units in Greece.

- Ampenergo has obtained the rights to the technology in North America. They will share royalties with Andrea Rossi's company, Leonardo Technologies, and will be opening up a one megawatt plant in the USA by the end of this year.

(2.) Gravity Motors > Hidro >
James Kwok's "Hidro" Tech Floating to the Top - James Kwok's "Hidro" commercially available technology allows for energy to be harvested from gravity induced pressure differentials in columns of water. "Ash" from Panacea-BOCAF recently visited Hidro, witnessed a demonstration, and performed tests. Two independent groups have also confirmed Kwok's claims.

- The technology offers the ability to produce energy by combining the effects of boyancy and gravity in a column of water. Extraction of thermal energy from air and water may also play a role.

- Private demonstrations have taken place that validate that the technology works as claimed.

- A 50 kW plant is currently being constructed.

- 50 kW, 250 kW, and 1 mW plants are planned on being offered.

- The company is in the process of screening potential licensing partners.

(3.) EVs > Electrostatic / Electromagnetic >
Aviso's Self-Charging Electric Car, MEG, and Repelling Force - Filipino inventor, Ismael Aviso, has demonstrated a bare bones electric vehicle with an 11-kW DC motor running on just one 12-volt battery, which is kept charged via a Tesla-like antennae circuitry that draws electrostatic energy from the surroundings, validated by the Philippine DOE. He hopes to introduce plans and kits commercially soon;

- The technology offers the ability to extract energy from the ambient environment to power electrical loads of all kinds.

- He has posted a series of videos to Youtube explaining his circuit that collects free energy from the ambient environment.

- The over heating problem that limited the performance of his self-charging electric vehicle has been resolved.

- Work is being performed to more optimally "close the loop" in his circuit. Previously, the high frequency harmonics produced by his circuit would produce significant loses of energy. This issue is now being resolved with the help of professional RFI (Radio Frequency Interference) engineers.

- He is working on a "Universal Motor" that would more efficiently make use of the high voltage output from his circuit. It will utilize his repelling force technology.

- A new self charging electric vehicle prototype using the "Universal Motor" and the improved circuit (with fewer losses) is currently being built. It will have improved performance and a higher top speed. Potentially, it may never need to be recharged from mains power, because the circuit will power the motor while keeping the battery topped off.

(4.) Noble Gas Engines / Plasma >
PlasmERG's Noble Gas Engine - Nobel (inert) gas engine patterned after the Papp Engine, would cost 1/3 what a comparable output engine would cost, while its fuel would cost a few dollars per month -- negligible; totally revolutionizing the renewable industry. Nine months of running time logged. Company is gearing up to go into production.

- The technology offers the ability to produce balls of plasma (similar to ball lightning) in a mixture of Noble Gases. A combination of fusion, fission, and perhaps energy extraction from the zero point energy field produce a force that can push a piston in an engine. The technology holds the potential to replace all internal combustion engines.

- Funding is being sought to take the engine into full scale production.

- The technology is ready to be taken into mass production as soon as the funding is found.

- The company is presently moving into facilities in Las Vegas and are building testing prototypes.

(5.) OS: Water > as Fuel > Hydroxy > Vehicles on Water >
Freddy's Cell alleged to run pick-up truck on 100% hydroxy - In the tradition of Stanley Meyer, the people at Future Energy Concepts, Inc. dazzled the community in August 2011 with their claim to have run a 2004 Dodge 4x4 pickup truck on nothing but water via their on-board hydroxy gas generator that uses the truck's alternator to electrolyze water.

- The technology offers the ability to produce large quantities of HHO efficiently using very little energy. The HHO can be used to boost the efficiency of vehicles, or run them entirely with HHO.

- The first products will boost the fuel efficiency of vehicles around 30%. 20,000 order have been received for these units which went on sale June 2011.

 
Nuclear coming to an end ? PDF Print E-mail
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Germany to Phase Out All Nuclear Reactors
Roettgen said Germany's seven oldest reactors, which were taken offline for a safety review when the Japanese nuclear crisis began, will be shut down and never used again.

 The Kruemmel nuclear reactor in northern Germany, which was already offline due to technical problems, will also be permanently shut down. Six more reactors will be shut down no later than the end of 2021 and "the three most modern, newest nuclear plants will go offline in 2022 at the latest," Roettgen said.

Merkel Changes Position on Nuclear Energy
In 2010, German Chancellor Angela Merkel pushed through a plan to extend operation of Germany's nuclear power plants, with the last reactor scheduled to go offline in 2036.

When a 9.0 earthquake and tsunami knocked out cooling systems at nuclear reactors in Japan, sparking the world's worst nuclear crisis since Chernobyl, Merkel reversed her position and set up a special review board to consider energy options and make recommendations.

"We want the electricity of the future to be safe, reliable and economically viable," said Merkel, who has a Ph.D in physics. "We have to follow a new path."

Germany to Switch from Nuclear to Renewable Energy
With all 17 reactors online and operating, nuclear energy provided 23 percent of Germany's electricity. Renewable energy—specifically solar, wind and hydroelectric power—currently produces about 17 percent of the nation's electricity.

By increasing its investments in renewable energy, and employing energy-efficiency strategies that are expected to cut electricity demand by around 10 percent, the German government plans to be meeting about half of its electricity needs with renewable energy by the time the last nuclear reactor goes offline in 2022.

Germany's Nuclear Shutdown an Example for Other Nations
Germany is the largest economy in Europe and the fourth largest in the world. It is the only major industrialized nation to make the commitment to become nuclear-free. Italy is the only other European nation that has abandoned nuclear power, a decision the Italians made following the Chernobyl nuclear accident in 1986.

Businesses and utilities warned that abandoning nuclear energy and relying more heavily on renewable energy will lead to increased costs and possible power shortages, but Merkel said that Germany could serve as a trailblazer for renewable energy and an example for other nations to follow.

 
New worries for wind PDF Print E-mail
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According to government figures, 13 of the past 16 months have been calmer than normal - while 2010 was the “stillest” year of the past decade.

Meteorologists believe that changes to the Atlantic jet stream could alter the pattern of winds over the next 40 years and leave much of the nation’s growing army of power-generating turbines becalmed.

The Coalition has drawn up plans to open more wind farms in an effort to meet Britain’s European Union target of providing 15 per cent of its energy from renewable sources by 2020.More than 3,600 turbines are expected to be installed in offshore wind farms over the next nine years.

But statistics suggest that the winds that sweep across the British Isles may be weakening. Last year, wind speeds over the UK averaged 7.8 knots (8.9mph), a fall of 20 per cent on 2008, and well below the mean for this century, which stands at 9.1 knots (10.5mph).

Usually Britain has warm, wet and windy winters, thanks to Caribbean air carried here by the Atlantic jet stream, a fast-flowing current of air.

But the last two winters have featured exceptionally low temperatures and were remarkably still when they should have been the windiest seasons of all, as high pressure diverted the jet stream from its normal position.

Meteorologists have found that the position of the jet stream has been influenced by the lower levels of activity on the Sun. This decline in sun-spot activity is expected to continue for the next 40 years, with potentially serious consequences for the viability of wind farms.

Professor Mike Lockwood, from Reading University, said: “Changes in the jet stream will change the pattern of winds that we get in the UK. That, of course, is a problem for wind power.

“You have to site your wind farms in the right place and if you site your wind farm in the wrong place then that will be a problem.”

Dr David Brayshaw, also from Reading’s Department of Meteorology, added: “If wind speed lowers, we can expect to generate less electricity from turbines - that's a no-brainer.”

The gales that swept Scotland last week, with gusts of over 80mph, were the worst in the month of May for almost 50 years. The power to almost 30,000 homes was temporarily cut and two people died.

Prof Lockwood said the recent spell of exceptionally dry weather in the south and wet conditions in the northern half of the UK was influenced by the position of the jet stream.

“The jet stream is sitting over the north of England so we are getting very dry weather to the south of the jet stream,” he said.

The Atlantic jet stream brings warm, wet weather to the UK and Europe from the south-west. If it is “blocked” as a result of changes in solar activity, cold air flows across Britain from the east.

One such period of prolonged blocking of the jet stream is thought to have occurred between 1645 and 1715, when Britain experienced a mini ice age, yet also spells of hot, dry summer weather.

Prof Lockwood said solar activity was especially low during this period, adding that current levels of sun-spot activity were continuing to decline. “We reached a high point of solar activity in 1985,” he said.

“Since then, it has been declining. We are now halfway back to the levels seen during the Maunder Minimum. The probability is that that decline will continue for the next 40 years.”

 
Massive US energy investment PDF Print E-mail
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NEW YORK - A planned modernization of the U.S. national power grid will cost up to $476 billion over the next 20 years but will provide up to $2 trillion in customer benefits over that time, according to industry experts.

ShareSo-called smart grid will save energy, reduce costs and increase reliability by delivering electricity from suppliers to consumers using two-way communication that can control appliances, the charging of electric vehicles and the flow of power from renewable sources at customers' homes.

"The implementation of the smart grid is a continuous process. As new technology is developed and becomes cost effective, it is being used to find the most effective way to meet supply and demand," Matt Wakefield, smart grid program manager at the Electric Power Research Institute .
How to make the power system of the future a reality, EPRI, a non-profit electric research and development company, said power companies need to invest between $17 and $24 billion a year over the next two decades. Much of those costs will be passed onto consumers.
"We need to tell power customers there is going to be an improved power system that will result in reduced costs even if they do not see an immediate reduction in their bill," said Clark Gellings an EPRI Fellow.
By the year 2050, EPRI estimated the average electric bill will probably go up by about 50 percent if the smart grid is deployed. If not, Gellings said, the average electric bill could go up by almost 400 percent.
Some of the biggest technology firms in the world are competing to supply the smart grid infrastructure, including International Business Machines, General Electric, ABB, Siemens, Google, Toshiba, Cisco and Microsoft.
Last week, Japanese multinational Toshiba agreed to buy Swiss smart grid company Landis+Gyr for $2.3 billion.
Meeting supply and demand
The giant technology firms want to manufacture the devices and software needed to enable generating facilities to communicate with the equipment that uses electricity.
In addition to the giant technology firms, all sorts of firms in the power, renewable, appliance and auto industries can use the smart grid to interact with their customers.
Power retailers, like NRG and Consolidated Edison's ConEdison Solutions, can use the smart grid to sell more demand response and other services.
Appliance manufacturers, like Whirlpool and Haier Electronics, can sell more energy efficient appliances, and auto manufacturers, like Ford Motor and General Motors, can use the smart grid to power up their electric cars.
The nation's current power grid was not designed to meet the needs of a restructured electric marketplace, the increasing demands of a digital society or the increased use of renewable power production.
The grid today primarily consists of large coal, nuclear and natural gas-fired generating stations connected to local distribution networks by a high voltage network. The power flows predominantly from the power plant to the consumer.

Renewables on the rise
The smart grid will continue to depend on large nuclear and fossil-fired power plants but also includes a substantial number of energy storage and renewable generating facilities.
Not surprisingly, the major technology companies like GE, Siemens and Toshiba, also dominate the renewable space. But there are plenty of other wind and solar companies that can benefit from the smart grid, including FirstSolar, Sharp and Vestas Wind.
Consumers want reliable and low cost power but increasingly they also want clean electricity.
In his State of the Union message in January, President Barack Obama set a goal of 80 percent clean energy by 2035 and even though he included nuclear power and clean coal in that goal, there is still a lot of room for more renewable sources.
The United States gets about 46 percent of its power from coal, 21 percent from natural gas and 20 percent from nuclear. Renewables, like wind and solar, generate less than 5 percent of the total, according to data from the federal government.
 
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